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Year 1

At the end of the year, most children should be able to:


Number and Place Value

  • count, read, write and order numbers to 100 in numerals;
  • read and write numbers from 1 to 20 in words;
  • count in different multiples including ones, twos, fives and tens;
  • begin to count forwards and backwards in 10s from any number;
  • identify one more and one less than a given number;
  • identify and represent numbers using concrete objects and pictorial representations;
  • use the language of equal to, more than, less than, fewer, most and least;
  • recognise and understand odd and even numbers; and
  • identify and extend simple number sequences.




  • read, write and interpret mathematical statements involving addition (+), subtraction (-) and equals (=) signs;
  • add and subtract one digit numbers and two digit numbers to 20 (e.g. 9+9, 18-9) including zero;
  • begin to find 10 more and less of a given number;
  • know number facts for each number to 10;
  • represent and use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20;
  • solve simple one step problems that involve addition and subtraction;
  • know doubles and halves of numbers to 20; and
  • begin to solve simple, one-step problems involving simple multiplication and division using concrete objects, pictorial representations and arrays.



  • understand and find ½ and ¼ of a shape or quantity.



  • use standard measures to measure and compare length, mass, capacity and time;
  • know the days of the week and the months of the year;
  • tell the time to the hour and half past the hour;
  • recognise all coins and notes; and
  • total coins up to 20p in practical situations.



  • recognise and name common 2D and 3D shapes and identify their properties; and
  • describe position, direction and movement, including half-turns.