# Year 1

At the end of the year, most children should be able to:

Number and Place Value

• count, read, write and order numbers to 100 in numerals;
• read and write numbers from 1 to 20 in words;
• count in different multiples including ones, twos, fives and tens;
• begin to count forwards and backwards in 10s from any number;
• identify one more and one less than a given number;
• identify and represent numbers using concrete objects and pictorial representations;
• use the language of equal to, more than, less than, fewer, most and least;
• recognise and understand odd and even numbers; and
• identify and extend simple number sequences.

Calculations

• read, write and interpret mathematical statements involving addition (+), subtraction (-) and equals (=) signs;
• add and subtract one digit numbers and two digit numbers to 20 (e.g. 9+9, 18-9) including zero;
• begin to find 10 more and less of a given number;
• know number facts for each number to 10;
• represent and use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20;
• solve simple one step problems that involve addition and subtraction;
• know doubles and halves of numbers to 20; and
• begin to solve simple, one-step problems involving simple multiplication and division using concrete objects, pictorial representations and arrays.

Fractions

• understand and find ½ and ¼ of a shape or quantity.

Measurement

• use standard measures to measure and compare length, mass, capacity and time;
• know the days of the week and the months of the year;
• tell the time to the hour and half past the hour;
• recognise all coins and notes; and
• total coins up to 20p in practical situations.

Geometry

• recognise and name common 2D and 3D shapes and identify their properties; and
• describe position, direction and movement, including half-turns.

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